Toolkit Of Water Use Master Plan (WUMP)

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WUMP Toolkit

WUMP toolkit is an open source toolkit that can be used to maintain the detailed primary data for the Water Use Master Plan (WUMP). It has a set of forms and formats that are recommended by the National WUMP guidelines, and approved by two thematic departments (DoLIDAR and DWSS) of Government of Nepal. This database has been developed with the financial and technical support of the Rural Village Water Resource Management Project (RVWRMP) Phase II and Phase III. RVWRMP, with an overall objective, “institutionalized capacity at local and re¬gional levels to sustain and continuously improve enhanced quality of life, better envir¬onmental conditions and increased opportunities in rural livelihoods in the Project area”, works in ten districts of Far – and Mid – Western Nepal. The first phase of RVWRMP started in October 2006. The second phase started immediately after the first in September 2010 and the third phase started in March 2016. The project is being technically assisted by FCG, a multi-expertise company that provides services in infrastructure, natural resources management, in multidisciplinary training and in developing public services. FCG is owned by the Finnish Association of Municipal and Regional Authorities and brings a strong background in local government management and organisational, social and public sector structures development.

About WUMP

WUMP as a Planning Approach

The WUMP is a participatory and inclusive approach for integrated planning and management of water resources. Taking Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) as the foundation, it assesses the total water budget and its potential uses focusing on a unit area. The WUMP encompasses capacity development of local communities and local institutions to improve the planning for equitable and efficient use of water to improve water supply and livelihoods. This is particularly important within a smaller unit of a watershed like a Village Development Committee (VDC) or one or two wards, for management at community level.

The WUMP approach gives more emphasis on the participatory process of data collection, analysis, debate, prioritisation and agreement, and recording the results for public display. It incorporates many issues such as the inclusion of all stakeholders (especially women and disadvantaged or vulnerable groups); and an integrated and coordinated planning for synergy with other sectors associated with water, health and livelihoods.

WUMP as a Product

The Water Use Master Plan (WUMP) is a plan for optimal use of water resources considering overall water resource, hygiene and sanitation, water demands and potential uses in a holistic and integrating way for sustainable development.

The WUMP follows the Water Resource Management (WARM) Chair model, and incorporates the following components:

  • Water uses

    1. drinking water, sanitation and hygiene
    2. irrigation and the drainage
    3. environment and ecology
    4. energy and other purposes.
  • The water uses governed by

    recharge, retention and reuse of water (3R).
  • Platform for stakeholders

    at which all stakeholders will discuss, reflect, compromise and agree.
  • Capacity building

    outlines the needs, now and in the future, for capacity development to achieve and sustain institutional strength and corporate memory.

Objectives of WUMP

The overall objective of the Water Use Management Plan is to facilitate equitable, efficient and sustainable use of water for well-being and improved livelihoods.

    Specific objectives are

  • assessment of water resources availability, existing uses and requirements
  • participatory prioritization and planning of water resource development (all uses of water, including hygiene and sanitation), considering local adaptation and measures to address climate change effects and disaster risk reduction
  • coordinated water resources development and protection by different stakeholders (communities, government and non-government organizations)
  • promotion of conservation of water resources through 3R and environmental sanitation ;
  • strengthened local institutional capacity and
  • participation of economically and socially disadvantaged groups

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